Category: Philosopher

Ibn Rushd (Averroes)

Abu’l-Walid Ibn Rushd, better known as Averroes (1126-1198), stands out as a towering figure in the history of Arab-Islamic thought, as well as that of West-European philosophy and theology. In the Islamic world, he played a decisive role in the defense of Greek philosophy against the onslaughts of the Ash’arite theologians (Mutakallimun), led by al-Ghazali (d. 1111), and the rehabilitation of Aristotle.

Ibn Taymiyya

Ibn Taymiyya (1263-1328) is one of the most influential Muslim Theologian  Full Name: Laqab ( Nick Name): Shayakh al-Islam Kunya (Prefix): Abū al-ʿAbbās. First Name: Taqī al-Dīn Ahmad b. Abd al-Ḥalīm b. Muḥammad b. Abd al-Salām (Majd al-Dīn). Family Name: Ibn Taymiyya. Widely known as: Sheyakh al-Islam. City Named after: al-Ḥarānī (from Kurdish Ḥarrān in Northern Iraq-Western Syria). Biography: Original Source Biography:…

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Al-Fārābī

Abū Naṣr al-Fārābī (259-339 AH / 870-950 AD) is one of the foremost Islamic Philosopher /Logician. Biography: Original Source Biography: al-Farabi from Ibn abi-Usiba’s Tabaqat al-‘itbia (Arabic html) Supplementary Material: Al-Farabi: from History of Muslim Philosophy. (E-text) in PDF format only. Al-Farabi: Founder of Islamic Neoplatonism, Majid Fakhry (link) Oxford: Oneworld, 2002. Brief outline of his…

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Ibn Sina

Ibn Sina (Avicenna) (980-1037) is one of the foremost philosophers of the golden age of Islamic tradition that also includes al-Farabi and Ibn Rushd. He is also known as al-Shaykh al-rāʾīs (Leader among the wise men) a title that was given to him by his students. His philosophical works were one of the main targets of al-Ghazali’s attack on philosophical influences…

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Al-Kindi

Abu Yusef Yaqoub ibn Ishaq Al-Kindi ( (185-256 AH / 805-873 AD) ) is the father of Islamic Philosophy. He was also a scientist of high caliber a gifted Mathematician, astronomer, physician and a geographer as well as a talented musician. He is said to have uttered the following quote: We ought not to be…

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